While no one today thinks of questioning the importance of biological diversity for the present and for future generations, certain human activities continue to reduce the number of living species: intensive agriculture and massive spraying of phytosanitary products, intensive fishing and industrial breeding, hunting of protected species, deforestation, etc...
Committing to the defence of biodiversity
The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) came into force in 1993 and has been ratified by 196 states to date. This international convention aims to defend biological diversity, the sustainable use of natural resources and the protection of genetic resources. We would be incomplete if we omitted the absolute necessity of a fair and equitable sharing of the benefits of maintaining biodiversity.
Given the importance of public education and awareness-raising on the implementation of the Convention at all levels, the United Nations General Assembly chose 22 May, the anniversary of the adoption of the Convention, as the International Day for Biological Diversity. [resolution 55/201 of 20 December 2000].
28 years of commitment to biodiversity
The year 2021 marks the 28th anniversary of the entry into force of the Convention on Biological Diversity. Implemented by a number of signatory states, it has also been undermined by a number of others, which seem to be little concerned about all these issues or concerned first and foremost with their unilateral economic development.
In other words, the mobilisation of all is more necessary than ever...
How many species are known in the world today?
Biodiversity encompasses all animal and plant species living on earth (and in the seas). The biosphere is home to between 5 and 30 million species (estimate).
Approximately 1.7 million animal species have been recorded, and every year new species are recorded. Unfortunately, many species are also disappearing, often due to the irresponsible actions of human society.